7,645 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The export receptor Crm1 forms a dimer to promote nuclear export of HIV RNA

    David S Booth et al.
    The nuclear export receptor Crm1 cooperatively binds its HIV Rev-RRE cargo as a dimer using a species-specific interface that supports viral replication by enhancing nuclear export of HIV RNA.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shared behavioral mechanisms underlie C. elegans aggregation and swarming

    Siyu Serena Ding et al.
    Two seemingly distinct behaviors in social C. elegans worms, namely aggregating into groups and swarming over food, are driven by the same underlying mechanisms.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans protein SAS-5 forms large oligomeric assemblies critical for centriole formation

    Kacper B Rogala et al.
    SAS-5 forms oligomers, through a trimeric coiled coil and novel dimeric domain, that are necessary for centriolar localisation of SAS-5 and for centriole duplication.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Wild worm embryogenesis harbors ubiquitous polygenic modifier variation

    Annalise B Paaby et al.
    Cryptic alleles affecting embryonic development are widespread in wild C. elegans populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bacterial actin MreB forms antiparallel double filaments

    Fusinita van den Ent et al.
    The prokaryotic actin homologue MreB forms antiparallel double filaments in vitro and in vivo, an architecture that is unprecedented among the actin family of proteins.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    3DeeCellTracker, a deep learning-based pipeline for segmenting and tracking cells in 3D time lapse images

    Chentao Wen et al.
    A deep learning-based pipeline was developed for extracting cellular signals flexibly from moving cells in 3D time lapse images, and it outperformed previous methods under different imaging conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    A compositional neural code in high-level visual cortex can explain jumbled word reading

    Aakash Agrawal et al.
    Viewing a jumbled word activates an efficient visual representation in high-level visual cortex that is matched to stored words in the word form area.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Toxoplasma gondii F-actin forms an extensive filamentous network required for material exchange and parasite maturation

    Javier Periz et al.
    In contrast to current knowledge that predicts that apicomplexan actin is unconventional, use of Chromobodies demonstrate that Toxoplasma F-actin forms a long, stable, highly dynamic tubular network that is required for material transfer and parasite maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comment on "Magnetosensitive neurons mediate geomagnetic orientation in Caenorhabditis elegans"

    Lukas Landler et al.
    Employing blinded controlled methodology we find no evidence for a magnetic sense in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans.

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