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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An asymmetric sheath controls flagellar supercoiling and motility in the leptospira spirochete

    Kimberley H Gibson et al.
    The corkscrew-like motility of Spirochete bacteria is enabled by a unique, asymmetrically constructed flagellum that wraps around the cell body within the periplasm.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Time-resolved serial femtosecond crystallography reveals early structural changes in channelrhodopsin

    Kazumasa Oda et al.
    Time-resolved serial femtosecond crystallography revealed retinal kink and early changes in channelrhodopsin, which leads to the ion pore formation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural ordering of the Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein repeats by inhibitory antibody 3D11

    Iga Kucharska et al.
    A comprehensive structural analysis of inhibitory murine antibody 3D11 binding to Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein reveals common mechanisms of antibody evolution in mammals against Plasmodium parasites.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Modelling dynamics in protein crystal structures by ensemble refinement

    B Tom Burnley et al.
    A combination of molecular dynamics simulations and X-ray diffraction data has been used to construct more realistic models of proteins and to provide new insights into their interactions with other proteins and biomolecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A composite double-/single-stranded RNA-binding region in protein Prp3 supports tri-snRNP stability and splicing

    Sunbin Liu et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show how the spliceosomal Prp3 protein concomitantly binds double- and single- stranded regions in U4/U6 di-snRNAs and serves to stabilize the U4/U6•U5 tri-snRNP for splicing.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mapping the conformational landscape of a dynamic enzyme by multitemperature and XFEL crystallography

    Daniel A Keedy et al.
    The conformations of the enzyme cyclophilin A that are essential for its catalytic activity are temperature dependent and exhibit diverse responses, which is consistent with a complex energy landscape.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Chemical and structural investigation of the paroxetine-human serotonin transporter complex

    Jonathan A Coleman et al.
    Structural and biochemical analysis of the mechanism of paroxetine binding to the serotonin transporter provides a framework for transporter inhibition and design of small-molecule inhibitors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An expanded allosteric network in PTP1B by multitemperature crystallography, fragment screening, and covalent tethering

    Daniel A Keedy et al.
    By measuring how multiple conformations shift in response to temperature, a new allosteric binding site is discovered for the phosphatase PTP1B.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of two aptamers with differing ligand specificity reveal ruggedness in the functional landscape of RNA

    Andrew John Knappenberger et al.
    RNA aptamers that are closely related and share a common scaffold can readily adapt to recognize new ligands through changes in just a few nucleotides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Three-dimensional electron crystallography of protein microcrystals

    Dan Shi et al.
    A new electron diffraction technique called MicroED allows protein structures to be determined from three-dimensional microcrystals.