66 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Expanding xylose metabolism in yeast for plant cell wall conversion to biofuels

    Xin Li et al.
    Parallel pathways of xylose metabolism identified in fungi that grow on plants can be used in yeast to promote hemicellulose conversion to biofuels.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ligand modulation of sidechain dynamics in a wild-type human GPCR

    Lindsay D Clark et al.
    Generation of a highly deuterated 13C-methyl labeled wild-type GPCR sample is used to facilitate characterization of the molecular environments and fast ps-ns dynamics of sidechains when the receptor is bound to ligands of different efficacy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Lysosomal membrane glycoproteins bind cholesterol and contribute to lysosomal cholesterol export

    Jian Li, Suzanne R Pfeffer
    LAMP proteins, the major glycoproteins of the lysosome membrane, bind cholesterol directly and specifically, and interact with NPC1 and NPC2 proteins as part of the lysosomal cholesterol export process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Variability of cholesterol accessibility in human red blood cells measured using a bacterial cholesterol-binding toxin

    Rima S Chakrabarti et al.
    Accessible cholesterol levels in human red blood cells were found to be stable within individuals but vary >10-fold among individuals and this variability may contribute to differences in cholesterol trafficking among tissues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Comment on ‘Orthogonal lipid sensors identify transbilayer asymmetry of plasma membrane cholesterol’

    Kevin C Courtney et al.
    We challenge a recent report that most of the cholesterol in the plasma membrane of mammalian cells is in the exofacial leaflet.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PTRF/Cavin-1 promotes efficient ribosomal RNA transcription in response to metabolic challenges

    Libin Liu, Paul F Pilch
    PTRF (Cavin-1) mediates metabolism-regulated ribosomal transcription in mature adipocytes, independent of its role in caveolae formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The role of sigma 1 receptor in organization of endoplasmic reticulum signaling microdomains

    Vladimir Zhemkov et al.
    Signaling function of sigma 1 receptor is related to its ability to organize cholesterol-enriched microdomains in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Optical manipulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis using photoswitchable ceramides

    Matthijs Kol et al.
    Photoswitchable ceramides containing an azobenzene photoswitch behave as light-controllable substrates for both sphingomyelin synthase and glucosylceramide synthase.
    1. Cell Biology

    Identification and dynamics of the human ZDHHC16-ZDHHC6 palmitoylation cascade

    Laurence Abrami et al.
    Cycles of palmitoylation-depalmitoylation by an upstream palmitoyltransferase allow precise tuning of DHHC6 activity, which in turn regulates the abundance and function of key ER proteins involved in protein folding, degradation, ER architecture and calcium homeostasis.

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