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    1. Neuroscience

    Sexual dimorphism in striatal dopaminergic responses promotes monogamy in social songbirds

    Kirill Tokarev et al.
    Co-evolution of sexually dimorphic reinforcement systems for song can explain the coexistence of the seemingly contradictory traits of gregariousness and monogamy in social songbirds.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Characterization of the finch embryo supports evolutionary conservation of the naive stage of development in amniotes

    Siu-Shan Mak et al.
    Finch embryos are laid at an earlier stage than other avian embryos and contain cells with similar properties to pluripotent embryonic stem cells from mice.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Patterns of call communication between group-housed zebra finches change during the breeding cycle

    Lisa F Gill et al.
    Call-based vocal communication of individually recorded zebra finches changes in social groups across reproductive stages and is related with successful egg laying.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory synapses to song premotor neurons are gated off during vocalization in zebra finches

    Kosuke Hamaguchi et al.
    Intracellular recordings in singing birds and images of synapses in deafened birds provide insights into the neural circuitry that enables songbirds to fine-tune their songs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Birdsong: Falling on deaf neurons

    Samuel J Sober, Ronald L Calabrese
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    MagC, magnetic collection of ultrathin sections for volumetric correlative light and electron microscopy

    Thomas Templier
    The augmentation of resin-embedded sample blocks with magnetic resin allows remote actuation of ultrathin sections and deposition at high packing density onto silicon wafers for correlative light and electron microscopy.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A new experimental platform facilitates assessment of the transcriptional and chromatin landscapes of aging yeast

    David G Hendrickson et al.
    A new technology for obtaining aged yeast cells helps reveal a striking connection between aging, slow growth, and stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal development in a Waddington landscape

    Yayoi Teramoto et al.
    An integrated landscape framework shows how the coordinated changes in vocal apparatus, muscles, nervous system, and social interaction together influence the trajectory of vocal development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for descending auditory cortical projections in songbird vocal learning

    Yael Mandelblat-Cerf et al.
    Midbrain dopaminergic neurons and a cortex-like structure called the arcopallium form part of a circuit that enables young songbirds to compare their own song with a template stored in memory, and use any discrepancies to improve their performance.