97 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tight Junction Protein 1a regulates pigment cell organisation during zebrafish colour patterning

    Andrey Fadeev et al.
    The changes in shape of iridophores that underlie adult colour pattern formation in zebrafish depend on the levels of Tight Junction Protein 1a in these cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Electrical synaptic transmission requires a postsynaptic scaffolding protein

    Abagael M Lasseigne et al.
    A postsynaptic, intracellular, scaffolding protein is necessary to build neuronal gap junctions, revealing an unanticipated complexity of molecular and functional organization of electrical synapses.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Lamellar projections in the endolymphatic sac act as a relief valve to regulate inner ear pressure

    Ian A Swinburne et al.
    The pressure of fluid in the inner ear is controlled by opening of cellular valves in the endolymphatic sac to allow for regulated transepithelial fluid flow.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Epidermal cell turnover across tight junctions based on Kelvin's tetrakaidecahedron cell shape

    Mariko Yokouchi et al.
    The three dimensional structure of epidermal cells in the stratum granulosum provides the basis for the homeostasis of the tight junction barrier during cell turnover in the skin.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Patient-specific mutations impair BESTROPHIN1’s essential role in mediating Ca2+-dependent Cl- currents in human RPE

    Yao Li et al.
    A multidisciplinary platform featured by patient-derived RPEs is established to study the disease-causing mechanisms of BEST1 mutations, and demonstrates gene-supplemented rescue of the mutation-caused deficiency in Ca2+-dependent Cl- current in human RPE.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypoxia-induced metabolic stress in retinal pigment epithelial cells is sufficient to induce photoreceptor degeneration

    Toshihide Kurihara et al.
    Mouse models in which hypoxia can be genetically triggered in retinal pigmented epithelial cells show that hypoxia-induced metabolic stress alone can lead to photoreceptor atrophy/dysfunction.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Origin and role of the cerebrospinal fluid bidirectional flow in the central canal

    Olivier Thouvenin et al.
    The combination of data and modelling shows the mechanisms underlying bidirectional flow of cerebrospinal fluid and its impact on long range transport in the CSF between brain and spinal cord.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Low wnt/β-catenin signaling determines leaky vessels in the subfornical organ and affects water homeostasis in mice

    Fabienne Benz et al.
    Endothelial tightening by augmenting low level Wnt/β-catenin activity in vessels of the mouse subfornical organ, influences neuronal activation in water-deprived mice, linking endothelial barrier properties to neuro-vascular coupling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β uses a novel mode of receptor activation to phosphorylate SMAD1/5 and induce epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Anassuya Ramachandran et al.
    SMAD1/5 signaling is essential for the full transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced transcriptional program and physiological responses and is induced via a novel receptor activation mechanism, involving two distinct type I receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel inhibitory nucleo-cortical circuit controls cerebellar Golgi cell activity

    Lea Ankri et al.
    The glycinergic neurons of the cerebellar nuclei project extensively to the cerebellar cortex and inhibit GABAergic Golgi cells.

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