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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping influenza transmission in the ferret model to transmission in humans

    Michael G Buhnerkempe et al.
    Influenza transmission among ferrets correlates strongly with transmission among humans, so the ferret model for influenza transmission is a valid tool for pandemic potential in humans.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Filovirus receptor NPC1 contributes to species-specific patterns of ebolavirus susceptibility in bats

    Melinda Ng et al.
    NPC1 is a genetic determinant of filovirus susceptibility in bats, and some variations in bat NPC1 may reflect host adaptations to reduce filovirus replication and virulence.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population genomics of intrapatient HIV-1 evolution

    Fabio Zanini et al.
    Whole genome deep sequencing of many longitudinally sampled HIV-1 populations reveals that reversions towards ancestral HIV-1 genome sequences occur throughout the course of infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Trogocytosis-associated cell to cell spread of intracellular bacterial pathogens

    Shaun Steele et al.
    Live intracellular bacterial pathogens can transfer from infected cells to uninfected macrophages upon cell-to-cell contact.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Species specific differences in use of ANP32 proteins by influenza A virus

    Jason S Long et al.
    Chicken ANP32A, and not chicken ANP32B, supports influenza polymerase activity and thus editing of this single gene may generate chickens that are resilient to influenza virus infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global distribution maps of the leishmaniases

    David M Pigott et al.
    Maps defining environmental risk of the leishmaniases provide insights into the ecology of these diseases and identify regions to target public health measures and inform future burden estimates.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid and iterative genome editing in the malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi provides new tools for P. vivax research

    Franziska Mohring et al.
    Optimised genome editing in P. knowlesi enables transgenic expression of a lead P. vivax vaccine candidate, revealing roles in host cell tropisms and providing tools for scalable vaccine efficacy testing.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comprehensive mapping of adaptation of the avian influenza polymerase protein PB2 to humans

    YQ Shirleen Soh et al.
    Complete mapping of human-adaptive mutations to the avian influenza PB2 protein shows how selection at key molecular interfaces combines with evolutionary accessibility to shape viral host adaptation.