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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems mediate transcytosis of Leptospira interrogans across cell monolayer

    Yang Li et al.
    L. interrogans utilizes endocytic recycling and vesicular transport systems for transcytosis across endothelial or epithelial barrier in blood vessels or renal tubules, which contributes to spreading and transmission of leptospirosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiological dynamics of Ebola outbreaks

    Thomas House
    The pattern of past Ebola outbreaks is indicative of an effective reproductive ratio of less than 1, which can lead to the generation of a range of outbreak sizes consistent with the scale of the ongoing epidemic.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Assessing the danger of self-sustained HIV epidemics in heterosexuals by population based phylogenetic cluster analysis

    Teja Turk et al.
    A method to assess the risk of self-sustained HIV transmission in heterosexuals from phylogenetic and epidemiological data is developed and, when applied to the Swiss HIV epidemic, shows that this risk is negligibly small for Switzerland.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Mycobacterium ulcerans dynamics in aquatic ecosystems are driven by a complex interplay of abiotic and biotic factors

    Andrés Garchitorena et al.
    Different transmission routes of Mycobacterium ulcerans to aquatic organisms may prevail depending on local physico-chemical conditions.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Ecological multiplex interactions determine the role of species for parasite spread amplification

    Massimo Stella et al.
    Predators may amplify multiple-host parasite spreading in systems with multiple transmission routes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rift Valley fever phlebovirus NSs protein core domain structure suggests molecular basis for nuclear filaments

    Michal Barski et al.
    Insight into the molecular assembly of a protein with a central role in infections paves the way to understanding how Rift Valley fever virus causes disease.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Resistome diversity in cattle and the environment decreases during beef production

    Noelle R Noyes et al.
    Interventions in feedlots and abattoirs place selective pressure on the beef cattle resistome, which differentially impacts the public health risk of antimicrobial resistance from beef production sources.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.