Browse our latest Biochemistry articles

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    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Transcriptional amplification in tumor cells with elevated c-Myc

    L Michelle Lewis et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study has reproduced important parts of the original paper, but it also contains results that are not consistent with some parts of the original paper.
    1. Biochemistry

    eIF1A residues implicated in cancer stabilize translation preinitiation complexes and favor suboptimal initiation sites in yeast

    Pilar Martin-Marcos et al.
    Substitutions in general translation initiation factor eIF1A found as recurring somatic mutations in uveal melanoma destabilize the closed conformation of the preinitiation complex at the start codon and increase discrimination against suboptimal initiation codons genome-wide.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    In vitro FRET analysis of IRE1 and BiP association and dissociation upon endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Megan C Kopp et al.
    Quantitative FRET UPR induction assay is used to measure IRE1 and BIP association and dissociation by a variety of ER misfolded proteins and by an important BiP substrate-binding domain mutant, significantly enhancing the evidence for the allosteric UPR induction model.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Structural basis of proton translocation and force generation in mitochondrial ATP synthase

    Niklas Klusch et al.
    Cryo-EM reveals atomic details of two membrane half-channels for translocation of protons that drive rotary catalysis in ATP synthase.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cell Biology

    SIRT2 and lysine fatty acylation regulate the transforming activity of K-Ras4a

    Hui Jing et al.
    A new post-translational regulatory mechanism of K-Ras is identified, which expands the function of reversible protein lysine fatty acylation and offers new possibility to target the K-Ras oncoprotein.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cancer Biology

    Inhibition of intracellular lipolysis promotes human cancer cell adaptation to hypoxia

    Xiaodong Zhang et al.
    The survival and growth of solid tumor cells in hypoxia is dependent on fatty acid storage in triglyceride lipid droplets promoted by HIG2.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Single-molecule studies contrast ordered DNA replication with stochastic translesion synthesis

    Gengjing Zhao et al.
    Competing DNA polymerases at the DNA sliding clamp are revealed by single-molecule co-localization studies.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cell Biology

    Live-cell mapping of organelle-associated RNAs via proximity biotinylation combined with protein-RNA crosslinking

    Pornchai Kaewsapsak et al.
    Live-cell nanometer-resolution RNA labeling method enables transcriptome-wide mapping of endogenous RNAs in nuclear, cytosol, ER, and mitochondrial subcompartments.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Cell Biology

    Akt regulation of glycolysis mediates bioenergetic stability in epithelial cells

    Yin P Hung et al.
    Individual cells display heterogeneous fluctuations in metabolic activity, with amplitude and kinetics controlled by interlocking feedbacks between glycolysis and the Insulin/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.