Browse our latest Genes and Chromosomes articles

Page 3 of 44
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence of topological domain boundaries, insulators, and polytene interbands revealed by high-resolution mapping of chromatin contacts in the early Drosophila melanogaster embryo

    Michael R Stadler et al.
    Fruit fly chromosomes are divided into discrete structural domains by regions of decompacted chromatin, suggesting a novel model for the formation of a known class of genetic elements.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Genome-wide mapping of sister chromatid exchange events in single yeast cells using Strand-seq

    Clémence Claussin et al.
    Genome-wide analysis of sister chromatid exchange using single-cell sequencing reveals that most spontaneous sister chromatid exchange events are not due to the repair of double-strand DNA breaks in wild-type yeast cells.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    The structural basis for dynamic DNA binding and bridging interactions which condense the bacterial centromere

    Gemma LM Fisher et al.
    A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.
    1. Biophysics and Structural Biology
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    The mechanism of variability in transcription start site selection

    Libing Yu et al.
    Variability in bacterial transcription start site selection involves DNA “scrunching” and “anti-scrunching,” which may represent a general mechanism for start site selection in all organisms.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    DDM1 and Lsh remodelers allow methylation of DNA wrapped in nucleosomes

    David B Lyons, Daniel Zilberman
    Nucleosomes and linker histones block eukaryotic cytosine methylation.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes

    Rapid DNA replication origin licensing protects stem cell pluripotency

    Jacob Peter Matson et al.
    The unique cell cycle variations of pluripotent stem cells ensures that the first step in DNA replication is particularly fast and this rapid rate, in turn, restrains early differentiation.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    A quantitative hypermorphic CNGC allele confers ectopic calcium flux and impairs cellular development

    David M Chiasson et al.
    A mutant allele encoding a deregulated subunit of an ion channel tetramer revealed a mechanistic connection between protein heteromerization and quantitative genetic behavior.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.