Browse our latest Genomics and Evolutionary Biology articles

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    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Sex Chromosome Evolution: Culture shock

    Antoine Molaro, Harmit S Malik
    Many different human cell lines, including both normal and cancer cells, appear to converge to a state that contains an unusual number of chromosomes when they are grown in culture.
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    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Free-living human cells reconfigure their chromosomes in the evolution back to uni-cellularity

    Jin Xu et al.
    Human cell lines regress to become ‘de-sexualized’ by reconfiguring to a 2:3 X/A ratio of high fitness, thus shedding light on the evolution of mammalian sex chromosomes.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    An evolutionarily young defense metabolite influences the root growth of plants via the ancient TOR signaling pathway

    Frederikke Gro Malinovsky et al.
    Young defense metabolites are often believed to be solely outputs but evidence suggests that they can regulate ancient signaling pathways.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epigenetic profiling of growth plate chondrocytes sheds insight into regulatory genetic variation influencing height

    Michael Guo et al.
    Epigenetic profiling of femoral growth plate chondrocytes helps whittle-down GWAS height variants to fewer putative functional variants.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    A map of human PRDM9 binding provides evidence for novel behaviors of PRDM9 and other zinc-finger proteins in meiosis

    Nicolas Altemose et al.
    In humans, specific sequence features can predict whether meiotic recombination occurs at sites bound by the protein PRDM9, whose DNA-binding zinc-finger domain can unexpectedly bind to gene promoters and to other copies of PRDM9.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid re-identification of human samples using portable DNA sequencing

    Sophie Zaaijer et al.
    DNA fingerprinting by portable nanopore sequencing is a novel re-identification method with applications in (clinical) laboratories and biobanks.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America

    Peter D Heintzman et al.
    The extinct stilt-legged equids of North America are not related to Asiatic asses or horses, but instead represent a distinct lineage outside of living equid diversity that became extinct in the terminal Pleistocene.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic variation in the initial phase of bacterial infection predicts the probability of survival in D. melanogaster

    David Duneau et al.
    An analysis of within-host bacterial proliferation reveals that minor "stochastic" variation in the ability of the innate immune response to control bacterial growth early on can result in either survival or death of the host.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host Defense: Are we immune by chance?

    Andrea L Graham, Ann T Tate
    The sooner the immune system launches, the greater the chances the host has of survival.
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