Neuroscience

Neuroscience

eLife publishes research including brain function, neuronal circuits, synapses, sensory processing and motor pattern generation. Learn more about what we publish and sign up for the latest research.
Illustration by Davide Bonazzi

Latest articles

    1. Neuroscience

    Data-driven reduction of dendritic morphologies with preserved dendro-somatic responses

    Willem AM Wybo et al.
    A flexible and accurate methodology to fit reduced compartmental models to dendritic morphologies shows that models with very few compartments can capture many dendritic computations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Release probability increases towards distal dendrites boosting high-frequency signal transfer in the rodent hippocampus

    Dmitri A Rusakov et al.
    Excitatory synapses that occur further away from the postsynaptic cell soma exhibit greater neurotransmitter release probability, which appears to improve signal transfer fidelity for high-frequency afferent firing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cell atlas of the chick retina based on single-cell transcriptomics

    Masahito Yamagata et al.
    A molecular atlas of the chick retina provides a comprehensive classification and characterization of 136 cell types, yielding novel insights into retinal structure, function, development, and evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Roles of the ClC chloride channel CLH-1 in food-associated salt chemotaxis behavior of C. elegans

    Chanhyun Park et al.
    A ClC chloride channel protein allows neurons to interpret both temporal resolution and intensity of sensory input, which thereby contributes to an experience-dependent navigation behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subcellular sequencing of single neurons reveals the dendritic transcriptome of GABAergic interneurons

    Julio D Perez et al.
    Single somata and dendrites of individual rat neurons were laser-captured and sequenced to discover and compare the subcellular transcriptomes, identifying over 4000 mRNAs in GABAergic dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 6 ensembles can selectively regulate the behavioral impact and layer-specific representation of sensory deviants

    Jakob Voigts et al.
    Changing which layer 6 neurons are active during sensory tasks disrupts the detection and encoding of changes, but still allows integration of sensory information in the absence of changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human complex exploration strategies are enriched by noradrenaline-modulated heuristics

    Magda Dubois et al.
    Humans supplement complex, resource-demanding strategies with simple heuristics for solving the exploration-exploitation dilemma, and noradrenaline functioning controls their utilisation.

Highlights

    1. Neuroscience

    Decoding the infrastructure of the cerebellum

    Willem S van Hoogstraten, Chris I De Zeeuw
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    On the origin of fly species

    Hui Gong, Lucia Prieto-Godino

Senior editors

  1. Richard Aldrich
    Richard Aldrich
    The University of Texas at Austin, United States
  2. Matt Kaeberlein
    University of Washington, United States
  3. Barbara G Shinn-Cunningham
    Carnegie Mellon University, United States
  4. See more editors