1. Evolutionary Biology
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The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

  1. Julia Fischer  Is a corresponding author
  2. James P Higham  Is a corresponding author
  3. Susan C Alberts
  4. Louise Barrett
  5. Jacinta C Beehner
  6. Thore J Bergman
  7. Alecia J Carter
  8. Anthony Collins
  9. Sarah Elton
  10. Joël Fagot
  11. Maria Joana Ferreira da Silva
  12. Kurt Hammerschmidt
  13. Peter Henzi
  14. Clifford J Jolly
  15. Sascha Knauf
  16. Gisela H Kopp
  17. Jeffrey Rogers
  18. Christian Roos
  19. Caroline Ross
  20. Robert M Seyfarth
  21. Joan Silk
  22. Noah Snyder-Mackler
  23. Veronika Staedele
  24. Larissa Swedell
  25. Michael L Wilson
  26. Dietmar Zinner
  1. German Primate Center, Leibniz-Institute for Primate Research, Germany
  2. Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Germany
  3. Leibniz ScienceCampus for Primate Cognition, Germany
  4. New York University, United States
  5. Duke University, United States
  6. Institute of Primate Research, Kenya
  7. University of Lethbridge, Canada
  8. University of South Africa, South Africa
  9. University of Michigan, United States
  10. Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier, France
  11. Université de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, EPHE, France
  12. Jane Goodall Institute, United Republic of Tanzania
  13. Durham University, United Kingdom
  14. Aix Marseille Université, France
  15. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France
  16. Cardiff University, United Kingdom
  17. Universidade do Porto, Portugal
  18. University of Lisbon, Portugal
  19. New York Consortium in Evolutionary Primatology, United States
  20. Georg-August-University, Germany
  21. University of Konstanz, Germany
  22. Max Planck Institute for Animal Behaviour, Germany
  23. Human Genome Sequencing Center, United States
  24. Baylor College of Medicine, United States
  25. Roehampton University, United Kingdom
  26. University of Pennsylvania, United States
  27. Arizona State University, United States
  28. University of Washington, United States
  29. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany
  30. Queens College, City University of New York, United States
  31. University of Cape Town, South Africa
  32. University of Minnesota, United States
Feature Article
Cite this article as: eLife 2019;8:e50989 doi: 10.7554/eLife.50989
2 figures

Figures

Distribution of the six Papio species.

Species distributions are modified from Zinner et al. (2013). Male baboon drawings by Stephen Nash. Reprinted with permission from Fischer et al. (2017).

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.50989.003
Illustration of key traits across baboon species.

(A) Phenotypic variation between species. Pictures show adult males and females. (B) Crania of male baboons. (C) Sexual swellings of female baboon during peak estrus. Species are grouped by social organization (uni- and multi-level) and dispersal behavior (male- or female-biased dispersal). Images from Alexis Amann, Andrea Cardini, Sarah Elton, Julia Fischer, Courtney Fitzpatrick, James Higham, Megan Petersdorf, Joan Silk and Larissa Swedell.

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.50989.004

Data availability

This is a review article; there are no data sets associated with this article.

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