Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary Biology

eLife publishes research spanning behavior, morphology, evolution of developmental processes, palaeontology, experimental evolution and evolutionary theory. Learn more about what we publish and sign up for the latest research.
Illustration by Davide Bonazzi

Latest articles

    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    High rates of evolution preceded shifts to sex-biased gene expression in Leucadendron, the most sexually dimorphic angiosperms

    Mathias Scharmann et al.
    In the dioecious plant genus Leucadendron, shifts to sex-biased gene expression occurred predominantly in genes with ancestrally high rates of expression evolution, and were not correlated with morphology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A small, computationally flexible network produces the phenotypic diversity of song recognition in crickets

    Jan Clemens et al.
    A computational model of the neuronal network that recognizes mating signals reveals network properties that support and constrain behavioral diversity in a species group.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ovipositor and mouthparts in a fossil insect support a novel ecological role for early orthopterans in 300 million years old forests

    Lu Chen et al.
    Hundreds of fossil remains shed new light on the evolution of grasshoppers, gryllids, and katydids and their ecological role 300 million years ago.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Dinosaur bonebed amber from an original swamp forest soil

    Sergio Álvarez-Parra et al.
    The most prolific and oldest locality in which a rich dinosaur bonebed and fossiliferous amber have been found in association is revealed, allowing the reconstruction of an ancient terrestrial ecosystem with a detail and accuracy reached only exceptionally in palaeontology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Wings and halteres act as coupled dual oscillators in flies

    Tanvi Deora et al.
    Flight system of flies is driven by wings and mechanosensory halteres that operate as independently driven but coupled oscillators, thereby imparting robustness against wing or thorax damage.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New fossils of Australopithecus sediba reveal a nearly complete lower back

    Scott A Williams et al.
    Newly recovered lumbar vertebrae belonging to Malapa Hominin 2, an adult female of the fossil hominin species Australopithecus sediba, demonstrate that this individual was adapted to upright posture and bipedal locomotion but also had adaptations for climbing in trees.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Biomarkers in a socially exchanged fluid reflect colony maturity, behavior, and distributed metabolism

    Sanja M Hakala et al.
    Socially exchanged fluids passed mouth-to-mouth in ant colonies contain protein signatures of colony maturity and individual behavioral role, indicating that this fluid may underlie a distributed metabolism that functions over the scale of the colony.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Unconventional conservation reveals structure-function relationships in the synaptonemal complex

    Lisa E Kursel et al.
    The protein components of an essential and conserved meiotic interface, the synaptonemal complex, have highly conserved coil-coiled domains and protein length, despite highly diverged sequence.


    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Plant Biology: Hiding in plain smell

    Youngsung Joo, Meredith C Schuman
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    On the origin of fly species

    Hui Gong, Lucia Prieto-Godino
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of kisspeptin

    Maria I Arnone, Paola Oliveri

Senior editors

  1. George H Perry
    Pennsylvania State University, United States
  2. Molly Przeworski
    Columbia University, United States
  3. Sara L Sawyer
    University of Colorado Boulder, United States
  4. See more editors