The cerebellum, a crucial center for motor coordination, is composed of a cortex and several nuclei. The main mode of interaction between these two parts is considered to be formed by the inhibitory control of the nuclei by cortical Purkinje neurons. We now amend this view by showing that inhibitory GABA-glycinergic neurons of the cerebellar nuclei project profusely into the cerebellar cortex, where they make synaptic contacts on a GABAergic subpopulation of cerebellar Golgi cells. These spontaneously firing Golgi cells are inhibited by optogenetic activation of the inhibitory nucleo-cortical fibers both in vitro and in vivo. Our data suggest that the cerebellar nuclei may contribute to the functional recruitment of the cerebellar cortex by decreasing Golgi cell inhibition onto granule cells.
Animal experimentation: All animal manipulations were made in strict accordance with guidelines of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and the Hebrew University's Animal Care and Use Committee (Ethic permission # NS-12-12505-4).
- Michael Häusser, University College London, United Kingdom
© 2015, Ankri et al.
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