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Optimal level activity of matrix metalloproteinases is critical for adult visual plasticity in the healthy and stroke-affected brain

  1. Justyna Pielecka-Fortuna  Is a corresponding author
  2. Evgenia Kalogeraki
  3. Michal G Fortuna
  4. Siegrid Löwel
  1. University of Göttingen, Germany
  2. German Primate Center, Germany
Research Article
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Cite this article as: eLife 2015;4:e11290 doi: 10.7554/eLife.11290

Abstract

The ability of the adult brain to undergo plastic changes is of particular interest in medicine, especially regarding recovery from injuries or improving learning and cognition. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been associated with juvenile experience-dependent primary visual cortex (V1) plasticity, yet little is known about their role in this process in the adult V1. Activation of MMPs is a crucial step facilitating structural changes in a healthy brain; however, upon brain injury, upregulated MMPs promote the spread of a lesion and impair recovery. To clarify these seemingly opposing outcomes of MMPs-activation, we examined the effects of MMPs-inhibition on experience-induced plasticity in healthy and stoke-affected adult mice. In healthy animals, 7-day application of MMPs-inhibitor prevented visual plasticity. Additionally, treatment with MMPs-inhibitor once but not twice following stroke rescued plasticity, normally lost under these conditions. Our data imply that a fine balance of MMPs-activity is crucial for adult visual plasticity to occur.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Justyna Pielecka-Fortuna

    Department of Systems Neuroscience, Bernstein Focus Neurotechnology, Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
    For correspondence
    jpielec@gwdg.de
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  2. Evgenia Kalogeraki

    Göttingen Graduate School for Neurosciences, Biophysics, and Molecular Biosciences, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  3. Michal G Fortuna

    German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Siegrid Löwel

    Department of Systems Neuroscience, Bernstein Focus Neurotechnology, Johann-Friedrich-Blumenbach Institute for Zoology and Anthropology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.

Ethics

Animal experimentation: All experimental procedures were approved by the local government (Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit, registration number 33.9-42502-04-10/0326). All surgeries were performed under isoflurane or halothane anesthesia and every effort was made to minimize suffering.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Matteo Carandini, University College London, United Kingdom

Publication history

  1. Received: September 2, 2015
  2. Accepted: November 25, 2015
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: November 26, 2015 (version 1)
  4. Accepted Manuscript updated: November 30, 2015 (version 2)
  5. Version of Record published: January 6, 2016 (version 3)

Copyright

© 2015, Pielecka-Fortuna et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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