Fluorescence anisotropy changes were monitored after rapid mixing of Phe-tRNAPhe (Prf) ternary complex (0.1 µM final concentration, containing 1 mM GTP)with 80S·FVKM-IRES complex (0.1 µM final concentration) either in the absence of eEF2 (blue line) or with 80S·FVKM-IRES complex that was pre-incubated with either 3 µM (black line) or 1 µM eEF2·GTP (red line) for 1–2 hr. These long times ensured full equilibration prior to TC addition. In the latter cases, eEF2 concentration was kept constant by including 3 µM or 1 µM eEF2, respectively, in the TC solution. eEF2 displays virtually no GTPase activity when it is not bound to the ribosome (Nygård and Nilsson, 1989). Rates of Phe-tRNAPhe binding to the P site, as determined by cosedimentation, were measured by rapidly mixing Phe-TC (1.6 µM final concentration) with 80S·FVKM-IRES complex (0.8 µM final concentration) pre-incubated for 5’ – 60’ in the presence (1 µM) (□) or absence of eEF2·GTP (○). In both cases, eEF2 final concentration after mixing was adjusted to 1 µM, by including 1 µM or 2 µM eEF2·GTP, respectively, in the TC solution. After quenching with 0.5 M MES buffer (pH 6.0), ribosome bound Phe-tRNAPhe was measured by cosedimentation. In the preincubation experiment, three-fold increases of both eEF2·GTP and Phe-TC concentrations, or of just eEF2·GTP concentration, had little effect on the cosedimentation results. Results in this Figure are corrected for IRES-independent changes in fluorescence anisotropy or Phe-tRNAPhe cosedimentation (Figure 3—figure supplements 1,2). All three solid green lines are best fits of the results obtained to the scheme in Figure 2, using the numerical integration program Scientist.