Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

eLife publishes research that gives new insights into biological molecules or uses chemical approaches to illuminate complex biological processes. Learn more about what we publish and sign up for the latest research.
Illustration by Davide Bonazzi

Latest articles

    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Witnessing the structural evolution of an RNA enzyme

    Xavier Portillo et al.
    An RNA enzyme is caught in the act of evolving a new structural domain within its active site, resulting in enhanced catalytic function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cytosolic aggregation of mitochondrial proteins disrupts cellular homeostasis by stimulating the aggregation of other proteins

    Urszula Nowicka et al.
    Defective mitochondrial protein import results in protein aggregation and a specific chaperone response in the cytosol, causatively linking mitochondrial function and cellular protein homeostasis disturbances observed in neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial pannexin 1–TRPV4 channel signaling lowers pulmonary arterial pressure in mice

    Zdravka Daneva et al.
    Endothelial pannexin 1-P2Y2 purinergic receptor-TRPV4 channel signaling, facilitated by caveolin-1, is a novel pathway for lowering pulmonary arterial pressure.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Precise optical control of gene expression in C elegans using improved genetic code expansion and Cre recombinase

    Lloyd Davis et al.
    A method combining optimised genetic code expansion and optogenetics allows dissection of neural circuits with single-cell precision in freely moving animals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila STING protein has a role in lipid metabolism

    Katarina Akhmetova et al.
    Drosophila STING protein, or stimulator of interferon genes, has a direct but previously unknown role in the lipid metabolism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An essential, kinetoplastid-specific GDP-Fuc: β-D-Gal α-1,2-fucosyltransferase is located in the mitochondrion of Trypanosoma brucei

    Giulia Bandini et al.
    The activity, localization, and essentiality of TbFUT1, together with its ability to complement Leishmania parasites lacking the homologous gene, suggest the presence of an uncommon and conserved mitochondrial fucosylation pathway required for kinetoplastid parasites viability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Bipartite binding and partial inhibition links DEPTOR and mTOR in a mutually antagonistic embrace

    Maren Heimhalt et al.
    The inhibitory protein DEPTOR make two widely separated interactions with mTOR that are both necessary for its unique partial mTOR inhibition, and DEPTOR is a more potent inhibitor of mutation- or RHEB-activated mTORC1 than basal mTORC1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Addressing shortfalls of laboratory HbA1c using a model that incorporates red cell lifespan

    Yongjin Xu et al.
    The person-specific adjusted HbA1c addresses non-glycaemic variation in laboratory HbA1c due to red blood cell lifespan differences, potentially providing a better marker to predict diabetes complications and guide glycaemic management.

Senior editors

  1. Anna Akhmanova
    Utrecht University, Netherlands
  2. Nancy Carrasco
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, United States
  3. Philip Cole
    Harvard Medical School, United States
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