(A) Paradigm. Participants were first asked to perform a block of point-to-point reaches by moving a cursor representing their hand (red circle; red dashed arrow reflects direction of hand movement) to hit stationary targets (cyan circle). Following this, participants in the outward-interception task were required to hit targets that moved away from them (target motion denoted by black dashed arrow), while participants in the inward-interception task were required to hit targets that moved toward them. Following this, all participants completed a final block of point-to-point reaches. (B) Time course of average RT, average peak velocity, and average amplitude changes during the outward-interception task. Peak velocities are compared to the actual target velocity (solid gray line) and reach amplitude is compared to the average target amplitude at interception (solid gray line; note for pre- and post-blocks the targets remained at a fixed amplitude). For reaches made during the interception task, the reported amplitude is the magnitude of the entire movement generated (i.e., until the velocity of the hand returned to zero) regardless of when or whether the target was successfully intercepted. Shaded regions represent S.E.M. (C) Comparison of baseline (blue) and post-training (green) performance for average RT, average peak velocity, and average endpoint error; each gray line is an individual participant. (D,E) As in panels B and C, but for the inward-interception task. (F) Across the two tasks, there was a significant interaction between task and block for average RT; this was driven by an RT shift away from baseline behavior in opposite directions for the two groups following training.