(A) The calorie intake of macronutrient diets (total, protein, carbohydrate, and fat) by the infusion of vehicle (CTL) or NPGL during the light period, dark period, or over 24 hr (n = 8). (B) Serum insulin levels (n = 8). (C) Body mass (n = 8). (D) Ratios of inguinal, epididymal, retroperitoneal, and perirenal WAT mass/body mass (n = 8). (E) Ratio of the interscapular BAT mass/body mass (n = 8). (F) Ratios of liver, heart, and kidney mass/body mass (n = 8). (G) Ratios of soleus and gastrocnemius muscle mass/body mass (n = 8). (H) Masses of soleus and gastrocnemius muscles (n = 8). (I) mRNA expression levels for lipogenic (Acc, Fas, Scd1, Gpat1, and Adpn) and lipolytic (Cpt1a, Atgl, and Hsl) enzymes, sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (Srebp1), lipoprotein lipase (Lpl), Cd36, fatty acid transport protein 1 (Fatp1), Slc2a4, Gapdh, Slc2a2, glucokinase (Gk), and liver pyruvate kinase (L–Pk) in retroperitoneal WAT (rWAT) and liver (n = 7–8). Mean ± s.e.m. (Student’s t-test: *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.005).