Activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) sustains protein homeostasis (proteostasis) and plays a fundamental role in tissue maintenance and longevity of organisms. Long-range control of UPR activation has been demonstrated in invertebrates, but such mechanisms in mammals remain elusive. Here, we show that the female sex hormone estrogen regulates the UPR in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Estrogen treatment increases the capacity of HSCs to regenerate the hematopoietic system upon transplantation and accelerates regeneration after irradiation. We found that estrogen signals through estrogen receptor α (ERα) expressed in hematopoietic cells to activate the protective Ire1α-Xbp1 branch of the UPR. Further, ERα-mediated activation of the Ire1α-Xbp1 pathway confers HSCs with resistance against proteotoxic stress and promotes regeneration. Our findings reveal a systemic mechanism through which HSC function is augmented for hematopoietic regeneration.
RNA-Seq of hematopoietic stem cells from vehicle and estrogen-treated micePublicly available at the NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (accession no: GSE99120).
- Daisuke Nakada
- Qing Li
- Daisuke Nakada
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: Mice were housed in AAALAC-accredited, specific-pathogen-free animal care facilities at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), or University of Michigan (UM) with 12hr light-dark cycle and received standard chow ad libitum. All procedures were approved by the BCM or UM Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (protocol #AN-5858).
- Cristina Lo Celso, Imperial College London, United Kingdom
© 2018, Chapple et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.