(A, B) Replicability of exploratory results: Frequency of spatial overlaps (density plot and aggregate maps) over 100 random subsamples. Within the density plot, the box-plot shows the quartiles and extent of the distribution and the white dot depicts the median of percentage of overlap. (C, D) ROI-based confirmatory replication results: C: Original versus replication effects sizes (correlation coefficient) for all ROIs from 100 splits; points are color-coded based on their replciation status (by-‘sign’) and size of each point is proportional to the estimated statistical power of replication. Regresion lines are drawn for the replicated and unreplicated ROIs, separately. D: Donut plots summerising ROI-based replicability rates using three different critera. The most inner layer depicts replicability using ‘sign’ only (blue: replicated, orange: not replciated). The middle layer, defines replication based on similar ‘sign’ as well as ‘statistical significance’ (i.e. p<0.05) (blue: replicated, orange: not replciate). The most outer layer reflects replicability using bayes factor’ (blue: 'moderate-to-string evidece for H1, light blue: anecdotal evidence for H1; light orange: anecdotal evidence for H0, orange: 'moderate-to-string evidece for H0); Discovery and replication samples have equal size (n = 184) and are matched for age, sex and site.