1. Neuroscience
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Complementary congruent and opposite neurons achieve concurrent multisensory integration and segregation

  1. Wen-Hao Zhang
  2. He Wang
  3. Aihua Chen
  4. Yong Gu
  5. Tai Sing Lee
  6. K Y Michael Wong  Is a corresponding author
  7. Si Wu  Is a corresponding author
  1. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
  2. East China Normal University, China
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  4. Carnegie Mellon University, United States
  5. Peking University, China
Research Article
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Cite this article as: eLife 2019;8:e43753 doi: 10.7554/eLife.43753

Abstract

Our brain perceives the world by exploiting multisensory cues to extract information about various aspects of external stimuli. The sensory cues from the same stimulus should be integrated to improve perception, and otherwise segregated to distinguish different stimuli. In reality, however, the brain faces the challenge of recognizing stimuli without knowing in advance the sources of sensory cues. To address this challenge, we propose that the brain conducts integration and segregation concurrently with complementary neurons. Studying the inference of heading-direction via visual and vestibular cues, we develop a network model with two reciprocally connected modules modelling interacting visual-vestibular areas. In each module, there are two groups of neurons whose tunings under each sensory cue are either congruent or opposite. We show that congruent neurons implement integration, while opposite neurons compute cue disparity information for segregation, and the interplay between two groups of neurons achieves efficient multisensory information processing.

Data availability

The submitted manuscript presents a theoretical network modelling work. All codes used in this study has been uploaded to GitHub (https://github.com/wenhao-z/Opposite_neuron) and could be openly accessed.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Wen-Hao Zhang

    Department of Physics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  2. He Wang

    Department of Physics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0003-2101-8683
  3. Aihua Chen

    Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Primate Research Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Yong Gu

    Institute of Neuroscience, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0003-4437-8956
  5. Tai Sing Lee

    Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  6. K Y Michael Wong

    Department of Physics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
    For correspondence
    phkywong@ust.hk
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-7641-5024
  7. Si Wu

    School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, Beijing, China
    For correspondence
    siwu@pku.edu.cn
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.

Funding

Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (N HKUST606/12)

  • K Y Michael Wong

Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (605813)

  • K Y Michael Wong

Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (16322616)

  • K Y Michael Wong

Research Grants Council of Hong Kong (16306817)

  • K Y Michael Wong

National Basic Research Program of China (2014CB846101)

  • Si Wu

Natural Science Foundation of China (31261160495)

  • Si Wu

National Science Foundation (CISE1320651)

  • Tai Sing Lee

Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (D16PC00007)

  • Tai Sing Lee

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Peter Latham, University College London, United Kingdom

Publication history

  1. Received: November 19, 2018
  2. Accepted: May 22, 2019
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: May 23, 2019 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: June 13, 2019 (version 2)

Copyright

© 2019, Zhang et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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