Information processing in cortical neuronal networks relies on properly balanced excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission. A ubiquitous motif for maintaining this balance is the somatostatin interneuron (SOM-IN) feedback microcircuit. Here, we investigate the modulation of this microcircuit by presynaptic GABAB receptors (GABABRs) in the rodent hippocampus. Whole-cell recordings from SOM-INs revealed that both excitatory and inhibitory synaptic inputs are strongly inhibited by GABABRs, while optogenetic activation of the interneurons shows that their inhibitory output is also strongly suppressed. Electron microscopic analysis of immunogold-labelled freeze-fracture replicas confirms that GABABRs are highly expressed presynaptically at both input and output synapses of SOM-INs. Activation of GABABRs selectively suppresses the recruitment of SOM-INs during gamma oscillations induced in vitro. Thus, axonal GABABRs are positioned to efficiently control the input and output synapses of SOM-INs and can functionally uncouple them from local network with implications for rhythmogenesis and the balance of entorhinal versus intrahippocampal afferents.
- Marlene Bartos
- Akos Kulik
- Imre Vida
- Akos Kulik
- Imre Vida
- Sam A Booker
- Imre Vida
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: Care and handling of the animals prior to and during the experimental procedures followed European Union and national regulations (German Animal Welfare Act; ASPA, United Kingdom Home Office) and all experiments were performed in accordance with institutional guidelines (Charité - Universitätmedizin Berlin; University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany), with permissions from local authorities (LaGeSo, Berlin, T-0215/11 LaGeSo; Freiburg, X14/11H and 35-9185.81/G-19/59).
- John Huguenard, Stanford University School of Medicine, United States
© 2020, Booker et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
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