The oxaloacetate decarboxylase sodium pump (OAD) is a unique primary-active transporter that utilizes the free energy derived from oxaloacetate decarboxylation for sodium transport across the cell membrane. It is composed of 3 subunits: the a subunit catalyzes carboxyl-transfer from oxaloacetate to biotin, the membrane integrated β subunit catalyzes the subsequent carboxyl-biotin decarboxylation and the coupled sodium transport, the γ subunit interacts with the a and β subunits and stabilizes the OAD complex. We present here structure of the Salmonella typhimurium OAD βγ sub-complex. The structure revealed that the β and γ subunits form a β3γ3 hetero-hexamer with extensive interactions between the subunits and shed light on the OAD holo-enzyme assembly. Structure-guided functional studies provided insights into the sodium binding sites in the β subunit and the coupling between carboxyl-biotin decarboxylation and sodium transport by the OAD β subunit.
The cryo-EM structure of the StOAD βγ sub-complex and related data have been deposited into the protein data bank (https://www.pdb.org) and the electron microscopy data bank (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/emdb/), with the accession numbers 6IWW and EMD-9743, respectively. The crystal structure of the StOAD βγ sub-complex and the diffraction data have been deposited into the protein data bank with the accession number 6IVA. Source data for Figure 4c-d, Figure 4-figure supplement 1, Figure 5b-c, Figure 5-figure supplement 1, Figure 6a, Figure 6-figure supplement 1, and Figure 6-figure supplement 2a-b are provided.
Cryo-EM structure of the S. typhimurium oxaloacetate decarboxylase betagamma sub-complexProtein Data Bank, 6IWW.
Crystal structure of the S. typhimurium oxaloacetate decarboxylase betagamma sub-complexProtein Data Bank, 6IVA.
- Song Xiang
- Song Xiang
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
- José D Faraldo-Gómez, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, United States
© 2020, Xu et al.
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