For comparison purposes, we reran our analyses as visualized in Figure 3 using a within-subjects approach. (A) The relationship between encoding story scores and behavior cannot be calculated within-subjects (see Materials and methods). (B) Predicting memory scores using encoding schema scores within-subjects. Strong negative schema effects were found in right postcentral and subcentral gyrus as well as right superior parietal lobule (SPL) and a portion of right angular gyrus (AG). Positive encoding schema effects were found in right precuneus, bilateral anterior temporal pole, left entorhinal cortex, and left prostriata. (C) Predicting memory scores using reinstatement story scores within-subjects. Searchlight analyses revealed effects throughout cortex including strong effects in parietal, posterior medial, and medial prefrontal regions. All a priori cortical and subcortical ROIs showed a reinstatement story effect except parahippocampal cortex (PHC), anterior, and full hippocampus. (D) Predicting memory scores using reinstatement schema scores within-subjects. Strong effects were found in regions including bilateral parietal cortex, superior frontal gyrus (SFG), right frontal gyrus, right dorsal medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), and bilateral visual cortex. All surface maps were statistically thresholded by comparing model performance on held-out data to a null distribution and then FDR-correcting for q < 0.05. Surface maps are colored based on the correlation values between neural scores and behavioral memory performance. All violin plots show values describing model performance z-scored relative to the null distribution. Starred points indicate significant differences after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. Point colors indicate directionality of prediction with red and blue for positive and negative associations, respectively.