- Reviewing EditorChristopher HuangUniversity of Cambridge, United Kingdom
- Senior EditorMone ZaidiIcahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, United States of America
Reviewer #1 (Public Review):
The authors aimed to establish a cell culture system to investigate muscle tissue development and homeostasis. They successfully developed a complex 3D cell model and conducted a comprehensive molecular and functional characterization. This approach represents a critical initial step towards using human cells, rather than animals, to study muscular disorders in vitro. Although the current protocol is time-consuming and the fetal cell model may not be mature enough to study adult-onset diseases, it nonetheless provides a valuable foundation for future disease modeling studies using isogenic iPSC lines or patient-derived cells with specific mutations. The manuscript does not explore whether or how this stem cell model can advance our understanding of muscular diseases, which would be an exciting avenue for future research. Overall, the detailed protocol presented in this paper will be useful for informing future studies and provide a valuable resource to the stem cells community. Future work could focus on disease modeling using isogenic iPSC lines or patient-derived cells.
Reviewer #2 (Public Review):
This paper illustrates that PSCs can model myogenesis in vitro by mimicking the in vivo development of the somite and dermomyotome. The advantages of this 3D system include (1) better structural distinctions, (2) the persistence of progenitors, and (3) the spatial distribution (e.g. migration, confinement) of progenitors. The finding is important with the implication in disease modeling. Indeed the authors tried DMD model although it suffered the lack of deeper characterization.
The differentiation protocol is based on a current understanding of myogenesis and is compelling. They characterized the organoids in depth (e.g. many time points and immunofluorescence). The evidence is solid.