cryo-EM structures of the E. coli replicative DNA polymerase reveal dynamic interactions with clamp, exonuclease and τ

  1. Rafael Fernández-Leiro
  2. Julian Conrad
  3. Sjors HW Scheres
  4. Meindert Hugo Lamers  Is a corresponding author
  1. MRC laboratory of Molecular Biology, United Kingdom
  2. Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, United Kingdom

Abstract

The replicative DNA polymerase PolIIIα from E. coli is a uniquely fast and processive enzyme. For its activity it relies on the DNA sliding clamp β, the proofreading exonuclease ε and the C-terminal domain of the clamp loader subunit τ. Due to the dynamic nature of the four-protein complex it has long been refractory to structural characterization. Here we present the 8 Å resolution cryo-electron microscopy structures of DNA-bound and DNA-free states of the PolIII-clamp-exonuclease-τc complex. The structures show how the polymerase is tethered to the DNA through multiple contacts with the clamp and exonuclease. A novel contact between the polymerase and clamp is made in the DNA bound state, facilitated by a large movement of the polymerase tail domain and τc. These structures provide crucial insights into the organization of the catalytic core of the replisome and form an important step towards determining the structure of the complete holoenzyme.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Rafael Fernández-Leiro

    Structural Studies, MRC laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  2. Julian Conrad

    Structural Studies, MRC laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  3. Sjors HW Scheres

    Structural Studies, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    Competing interests
    Sjors HW Scheres, Reviewing editor, eLife.
  4. Meindert Hugo Lamers

    Structural Studies, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    For correspondence
    mlamers@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Stephen C Kowalczykowski, University of California, Davis, United States

Version history

  1. Received: August 25, 2015
  2. Accepted: October 23, 2015
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: October 24, 2015 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: December 9, 2015 (version 2)

Copyright

© 2015, Fernández-Leiro et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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  1. Rafael Fernández-Leiro
  2. Julian Conrad
  3. Sjors HW Scheres
  4. Meindert Hugo Lamers
(2015)
cryo-EM structures of the E. coli replicative DNA polymerase reveal dynamic interactions with clamp, exonuclease and τ
eLife 4:e11134.
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.11134

Share this article

https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.11134

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