(A) Warm colors signify voxels that are shape sensitive, that is, voxels in which activation, as a function of object coherence, had a positive slope. Conversely, cold colors reflect low shape sensitivity (negative slopes) or greater sensitivity for scrambled than intact images. The right panel is a 3D reconstruction of all visual voxels along the two pathways. (B) Group-averaged piecewise regression analysis. Each dot signifies the mean of a single voxel, averaged across participants, and the black line shows the result of the two-components piecewise regression obtained for the group average. In agreement with the box scrambling experiment, the location of a voxel on the posterior-anterior y-axis in both the dorsal and ventral pathways was positively correlated with slope, and the second component was characterized by a robust negative correlation, suggesting that shape sensitivity decreased in more rostral parts of the two pathways. (C) Correlation coefficients for each component computed for individual participants reveal that the large-scale organization of the two pathways was reliable across participants. (D) The point of maximal-shape sensitivity (inflection point) differed between the two pathways and was more posterior in the dorsal versus ventral pathway. (E) The average shape sensitivity of all shape-selective voxels was greater in the ventral pathway compared with the dorsal pathway. Figure 3—figure supplement 1 (upper panel) shows that similar results were observed when the analysis excluded pictures of tools and was conducted only on objects with no visuomotor association. Figure 3—figure supplement 1 (lower panel) shows that similar results were obtained when the piecewise regression was based on distance that was calculated from the combination of the Y and Z coordinates. Figure 3—figure supplement 2 (lower panel) aims to compare between the ROIs analysis of the two experiments and shows the ROI analysis in which slope (shape sensitivity) is plotted as function of Region of Interest defined from atlases, separately for each pathway and hemisphere. Black and gray asterisks signify that a ROI is significantly sensitive to shape (slope >0, q < 0.05) in the box scrambling experiment and the diffeomorphic scrambling experiment, correspondingly. Gray-filled circles (q < 0.05) and gray-filled triangles (q < 0.1) signify that, in a particular ROI, shape sensitivity was greater in the box scrambling experiment compared with the diffeomorphic experiment. The black vertical line separates the lateral and inferior ROIs of the ventral pathway. Along the dorsal pathway, most ROIs were more shape sensitive in the box scrambling experiment compared with the diffeomorphic experiment. In contrast, in the ventral pathway only the lateral ROIs showed this distinction.