(A) Spontaneous and mitomycin C-induced chromosome breakage in primary lymphocytes from the mother and the two POI sisters. Data presented in table are the result of a single experiment. A minimum of 50 metaphases were scored for each sample. (B and B') Examples of untreated and MMC-treated metaphases from patient-2. Arrows indicate breaks and chromosome rearrangements, that is radial figures. (C) Western blot showing FANCD2 expression and monoubiquitination in the same lymphocytes than in A and B. Immunoblot analysis were performed using mouse monoclonal anti-FANCM antibody (CV5.1), mouse monoclonal anti-FANCD2, (Santa-Cruz Biotechnology, Dallas, Texas, USA), rabbit anti-FANCA (Abcam, Cambridge, UK), mouse anti-vinculin (Abcam). Panel present the result of a representative experiment on at least three independent analysis. (D) MMC-induced growth inhibition in lymphoblasts from POI patient-2 and her mother compared to the response of cells from a FANCA (HSC-72), a FANCC (HSC-536), a healthy donor (HSC-93, WT) as well as to the patient cells transduced with a WT FANCM-cDNA. The points on the lines represent the means of 3 to 7 independent experiments ± S.D. *p<0,05, **p<0.01, Unpaired Student's T test. (E) The recovery of the MMC-induced FANCD2-monoubiquitination following FANCM expression in cells from patient 2 is shown. (1) and (2) indicate two independent experiments. Cells were treated with MMC (500 ng/ml) and proteins extracted 24 hr later.