The P2X7 receptor forms a dye-permeable pore independent of its intracellular domain but dependent on membrane lipid composition

  1. Akira Karasawa
  2. Kevin Michalski
  3. Polina Mikhelzon  Is a corresponding author
  4. Toshimitsu Kawate  Is a corresponding author
  1. Cornell University, United States

Abstract

The P2X7 receptor mediates extracellular-ATP signaling implicated in the development of devastating diseases such as chronic pain and cancer. Activation of the P2X7 receptor leads to opening of the characteristic dye-permeable membrane pore for molecules up to ~900 Da. However, it remains controversial what constitutes this peculiar pore and how it opens. Here we show that the panda P2X7 receptor, when purified and reconstituted into liposomes, forms an intrinsic dye-permeable pore in the absence of other cellular components. Unexpectedly, we found that this pore opens independent of its unique C-terminal domain. We also found that P2X7 channel activity is facilitated by phosphatidylglycerol and sphingomyelin, but dominantly inhibited by cholesterol through direct interactions with the transmembrane domain. In combination with cell-based functional studies, our data suggest that the P2X7 receptor itself constitutes a lipid-composition dependent dye-permeable pore, whose opening is facilitated by palmitoylated cysteines near the pore-lining helix.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Akira Karasawa

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  2. Kevin Michalski

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  3. Polina Mikhelzon

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States
    For correspondence
    pm542@cornell.edu
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Toshimitsu Kawate

    Department of Molecular Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, United States
    For correspondence
    tk499@cornell.edu
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-5005-2031

Funding

National Institutes of Health (GM114379)

  • Toshimitsu Kawate

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Kenton J Swartz, National Institutes of Health, United States

Publication history

  1. Received: August 11, 2017
  2. Accepted: September 15, 2017
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: September 18, 2017 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: October 2, 2017 (version 2)

Copyright

© 2017, Karasawa et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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  1. Akira Karasawa
  2. Kevin Michalski
  3. Polina Mikhelzon
  4. Toshimitsu Kawate
(2017)
The P2X7 receptor forms a dye-permeable pore independent of its intracellular domain but dependent on membrane lipid composition
eLife 6:e31186.
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.31186

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