The TMA includes normal tissue types, and corresponding high- and low-grade tumors, for a total of 39 specimens (see Supplementary file 3 for antibodies and Supplementary file 5 for specifications of the TMA). (A) Selected images of different tissues illustrating the quality of t-CyCIF images (additional examples shown in Figure 9—figure supplement 1; full data available online at www.cycif.org). (B) t-SNE plot of single-cell intensities of all 39 cores; data were analyzed using the CYT package (see Materials and methods). Tissues of origin and corresponding malignant lesions were labeled as follows: BL, bladder cancer; BR, breast cancer CO, Colorectal adenocarcinoma, KI, clear cell renal cancer, LI, hepatocellular carcinoma, LU, lung adenocarcinoma, LY, lymphoma, OV, high-grade serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary, PA, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, PR, prostate adenocarcinoma, UT, uterine cancer, SK, skin cancer (melanoma), ST, stomach (gastric) cancer. Numbers refer to sample type; ‘1’ to normal tissue, ‘2’ to -grade tumors and ‘3’ to high-grade tumors. (C) Detail from panel B of normal kidney tissue (KI1) a low-grade tumor (KI2) and a high-grade tumor (KI3) (D) Detail from panel B of normal ovary (OV1) low-grade tumor (OV2) and high-grade tumor (OV3). (E) t-SNE plot from Panel B coded to show the distributions of all normal, low-grade and high-grade tumors. (F) tSNE clustering of normal pancreas (PA1) and pancreatic cancers (low-grade, PA2, and high-grade, PA3) and normal stomach (ST1) and gastric cancers (ST2 and ST3, respectively) showing intermingling of high-grade cells.