Measuring NDC80 binding reveals the molecular basis of tension-dependent kinetochore-microtubule attachments

  1. Tae Yeon Yoo  Is a corresponding author
  2. Jeong-Mo Choi
  3. William Conway
  4. Che-Hang Yu
  5. Rohit V Pappu
  6. Daniel J Needleman
  1. Harvard University, United States
  2. Washington University in St Louis, United States

Abstract

Proper kinetochore-microtubule attachments, mediated by the NDC80 complex, are required for error-free chromosome segregation. Erroneous attachments are corrected by the tension dependence of kinetochore-microtubule interactions. Here, we present a method, based on fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy and Förster resonance energy transfer, to quantitatively measure the fraction of NDC80 complexes bound to microtubules at individual kinetochores in living human cells. We found that NDC80 binding is modulated in a chromosome autonomous fashion over prometaphase and metaphase, and is predominantly regulated by centromere tension. We show that this tension dependency requires phosphorylation of the N-terminal tail of Hec1, a component of the NDC80 complex, and the proper localization of Aurora B kinase, which modulates NDC80 binding. Our results lead to a mathematical model of the molecular basis of tension-dependent NDC80 binding to kinetochore microtubules in vivo.

Data availability

- All microscopy image data and data points in the presented plots have been deposited in Dryad (DOI: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.14rr125)- Analysis codes are deposited in Github, where doi's are provided in the manuscript.

The following data sets were generated

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Tae Yeon Yoo

    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States
    For correspondence
    taeyeon_yoo@hms.harvard.edu
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-8145-1051
  2. Jeong-Mo Choi

    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0003-2656-4851
  3. William Conway

    Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  4. Che-Hang Yu

    John A Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-0353-9752
  5. Rohit V Pappu

    Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0003-2568-1378
  6. Daniel J Needleman

    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.

Funding

National Science Foundation (DBI-0959721)

  • Daniel J Needleman

National Institutes of Health (R01NS056114)

  • Rohit V Pappu

National Science Foundation (DMR-0820484)

  • Daniel J Needleman

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Trisha N Davis, University of Washington, United States

Publication history

  1. Received: March 5, 2018
  2. Accepted: July 24, 2018
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: July 25, 2018 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: August 13, 2018 (version 2)
  5. Version of Record updated: August 15, 2018 (version 3)
  6. Version of Record updated: August 23, 2018 (version 4)

Copyright

© 2018, Yoo et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

Metrics

  • 2,805
    Page views
  • 545
    Downloads
  • 36
    Citations

Article citation count generated by polling the highest count across the following sources: Crossref, Scopus, PubMed Central.

Download links

A two-part list of links to download the article, or parts of the article, in various formats.

Downloads (link to download the article as PDF)

Open citations (links to open the citations from this article in various online reference manager services)

Cite this article (links to download the citations from this article in formats compatible with various reference manager tools)

  1. Tae Yeon Yoo
  2. Jeong-Mo Choi
  3. William Conway
  4. Che-Hang Yu
  5. Rohit V Pappu
  6. Daniel J Needleman
(2018)
Measuring NDC80 binding reveals the molecular basis of tension-dependent kinetochore-microtubule attachments
eLife 7:e36392.
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.36392
  1. Further reading

Further reading

    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems
    Nicola Bellotto, Jaime Agudo-Canalejo ... Victor Sourjik
    Research Article

    Inside prokaryotic cells, passive translational diffusion typically limits the rates with which cytoplasmic proteins can reach their locations. Diffusion is thus fundamental to most cellular processes, but the understanding of protein mobility in the highly crowded and non-homogeneous environment of a bacterial cell is still limited. Here we investigated the mobility of a large set of proteins in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli, by employing fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) combined with simulations and theoretical modeling. We conclude that cytoplasmic protein mobility could be well described by Brownian diffusion in the confined geometry of the bacterial cell and at the high viscosity imposed by macromolecular crowding. We observed similar size dependence of protein diffusion for the majority of tested proteins, whether native or foreign to E. coli. For the faster-diffusing proteins, this size dependence is well consistent with the Stokes-Einstein relation once taking into account the specific dumbbell shape of protein fusions. Pronounced subdiffusion and hindered mobility are only observed for proteins with extensive interactions within the cytoplasm. Finally, while protein diffusion becomes markedly faster in actively growing cells, at high temperature, or upon treatment with rifampicin, and slower at high osmolarity, all of these perturbations affect proteins of different sizes in the same proportions, which could thus be described as changes of a well-defined cytoplasmic viscosity.

    1. Cell Biology
    Dawafuti Sherpa, Judith Mueller ... Arno F Alpi
    Research Article

    The development of haematopoietic stem cells into mature erythrocytes – erythropoiesis – is a controlled process characterized by cellular reorganization and drastic reshaping of the proteome landscape. Failure of ordered erythropoiesis is associated with anaemias and haematological malignancies. Although the ubiquitin system is a known crucial post-translational regulator in erythropoiesis, how the erythrocyte is reshaped by the ubiquitin system is poorly understood. By measuring the proteomic landscape of in vitro human erythropoiesis models, we found dynamic differential expression of subunits of the CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that formed maturation stage-dependent assemblies of topologically homologous RANBP9- and RANBP10-CTLH complexes. Moreover, protein abundance of CTLH’s cognate E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UBE2H increased during terminal differentiation, and UBE2H expression depended on catalytically active CTLH E3 complexes. CRISPR-Cas9-mediated inactivation of CTLH E3 assemblies or UBE2H in erythroid progenitors revealed defects, including spontaneous and accelerated erythroid maturation as well as inefficient enucleation. Thus, we propose that dynamic maturation stage-specific changes of UBE2H-CTLH E2-E3 modules control the orderly progression of human erythropoiesis.