(A) Schematic of mycobacterial asymmetric polar growth. Green, old cell wall; grey, new material; dotted line, septum; large arrows, old pole growth; small arrows, new pole growth. (B) FDAA incorporation in log-phase WT Msm cell after 2 min incubation. Scale bar = 5 µm. Old pole marked with (*). (C) Schematic of Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS)-based FDAA transposon library enrichment. An Msm transposon library was stained with FDAAs, the dimmest and brightest cells were sorted, grown, sorted again to enrich for transposon mutants that are unable or enhanced for FDAA incorporation. (D) Results from 1C screen. For each gene, the contribution to low or high staining population was calculated from transposon reads per gene. Plotted is the ratio of the population contribution from the second sort of low FDAA staining (L2) over the second sort of high FDAA staining (H2) cells compared to the Mann-Whitney U p-value. (E) Representative image of FDAA incorporation in log-phase WT, ∆LDT and ∆LDTcomp cells. Scale bar = 5 μm. (F) Profiles of FDAA incorporation in log-phase WT (N = 98), ∆LDT (N = 40), and ∆LDTcomp (N = 77) cells. Thick lines represent mean incorporation profile, thin lines are FDAA incorporation in single cells.