Microbiology and Infectious Disease

Microbiology and Infectious Disease

eLife publishes research covering virology, bacteriology and mycology. Learn more about what we publish and sign up for the latest research.
Illustration by Davide Bonazzi

Latest articles

    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Efficient support of virus-like particle assembly by the HIV-1 packaging signal

    Mauricio Comas-Garcia et al.
    The packaging signal in HIV-1 genomic RNA supports in vitro particle assembly more efficiently than control RNAs, probably explaining its selective packaging during virus assembly in vivo.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Using paired serology and surveillance data to quantify dengue transmission and control during a large outbreak in Fiji

    Adam J Kucharski et al.
    A combination of surveillance data, paired sera and mathematical modelling reveals which factors may influence dengue transmission and control in island settings.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane insertion of α-xenorhabdolysin in near-atomic detail

    Evelyn Schubert et al.
    Cryo-EM and X-ray structures of α-xenorhabdolysin in soluble and pore form of Xenorhabdus nematophila give novel insights into the mechanism of action of bi-component α-pore-forming toxins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Antibiotic-induced acceleration of type 1 diabetes alters maturation of innate intestinal immunity

    Xue-Song Zhang et al.
    Alteration of host gut microbiota by antibiotic exposure in early life remodeled host intestinal immune development and metabolism and enhanced the induction of type 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed animals.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for potent and broad inhibition of HIV-1 RT by thiophene[3,2-d]pyrimidine non-nucleoside inhibitors

    Yang Yang et al.
    High-resolution structures of HIV-1 RT in complex with two newly developed non-nucleoside inhibitors explain how they retain antiviral activities against drug-resistant RT mutants with considerably reduced susceptibility to rilpivirine.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Timing of ESCRT-III protein recruitment and membrane scission during HIV-1 assembly

    Daniel S Johnson et al.
    During viral assembly, ESCRTIII and VPS4 are recruited after most of the HIV-1 membrane is bent but disappear prior to scission of the virion from the cell.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A selective gut bacterial bile salt hydrolase alters host metabolism

    Lina Yao et al.
    The deletion of a single gene encoding a selective bile salt hydrolase from the abundant human gut bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron significantly alters host metabolism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Robust manipulation of the behavior of Drosophila melanogaster by a fungal pathogen in the laboratory

    Carolyn Elya et al.
    A newly described isolate of the behavior-manipulating fly pathogen Entomophthora muscae that naturally infects fruit flies can be cultured in the lab, enabling molecular investigation of how microbes induce behavior changes in animal hosts.