(A) The squamous-columnar junction (SCJ) divides the stratified squamous epithelia of the esophagus and the columnar epithelia of the stomach. Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is characterised by squamous epithelia being replaced by columnar epithelial cells. The three cell lines derived from the indicated locations were used in the assays (EPC2, squamous esophagus epithelium, CP-A, Barrett’s esophagus and OE33, esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) cell line). (B) The three main epithelial interfaces that occur in BE to EAC progression. (C) Overview of the experimental procedure, described in steps 1–3. In our assay, cells were allowed to migrate and were filmed for 4–6 days after removal of the divider (step 4). (D) Cell density of red- vs green-dyed cells in the same culture, automatically counted from confocal images taken of fixed samples at 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 days and co-plotted on the same axes. Each point is derived from a separate image. If a point lies on the identity line (black dashed), within the image, red- and green-dyed cells have the same cell density. (E,F) Top images: Snapshot at 96 h of three combinations of epithelial cell types, cultured in 0% or 5% serum as indicated. Bottom images: kymographs cut through the mid-height of the videos as marked by the dashed white line. All scale bars: 500 μm. (G) Displaced distance of the boundary following gap closure in (E,F) normalised by the image width. From left to right, n = 16, 16, 16, 17, 30, 17 videos.