1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
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Exploration of CTCF post-translation modifications uncovers Serine-224 phosphorylation by PLK1 at pericentric regions during the G2/M transition

  1. Brian C del Rosario
  2. Andrea J Kriz
  3. Amanda M del Rosario
  4. Anthony Anselmo
  5. Christopher J Frye
  6. Forest M White
  7. Ruslan I Sadreyev
  8. Jeannie T Lee  Is a corresponding author
  1. Massachusetts General Hospital, United States
  2. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, United States
  3. Cell Signaling Technologies, United States
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Cite this article as: eLife 2019;8:e42341 doi: 10.7554/eLife.42341

Abstract

The zinc finger CCCTC-binding protein (CTCF) carries out many functions in the cell. Although previous studies sought to explain CTCF multivalency based on sequence composition of binding sites, few examined how CTCF post-translational modification (PTM) could contribute to function. Here, we performed CTCF mass spectrometry, identified a novel phosphorylation site at Serine 224 (Ser224-P), and demonstrate that phosphorylation is carried out by Polo kinase 1 (PLK1). CTCF Ser224-P is chromatin-associated, mapping to at least a subset of known CTCF sites. CTCF Ser224-P accumulates during the G2/M transition of the cell cycle and is enriched at pericentric regions. The phospho-obviation mutant, S224A, appeared normal. However, the phospho-mimic mutant, S224E, is detrimental to mouse embryonic stem cell colonies. While ploidy and chromatin architecture appear unaffected, S224E mutants differentially express of hundreds of genes, including p53 and p21. We have thus identified a new CTCF PTM and provided evidence of biological function.

Data availability

High-throughput sequencing data are available in the National Center for Biotechnology Information GEO repository under accession GSE119697

The following data sets were generated

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Brian C del Rosario

    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  2. Andrea J Kriz

    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  3. Amanda M del Rosario

    Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, Cambridge, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  4. Anthony Anselmo

    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  5. Christopher J Frye

    Cell Signaling Technologies, Danvers, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  6. Forest M White

    Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, Cambridge, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  7. Ruslan I Sadreyev

    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States
    Competing interests
    No competing interests declared.
  8. Jeannie T Lee

    Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, United States
    For correspondence
    lee@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu
    Competing interests
    Jeannie T Lee, Reviewing editor, eLifecofounder and member of the Scientific Advisory Boards of Translate Bio and Fulcrum Therapeutics.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-7786-8850

Funding

Howard Hughes Medical Institute

  • Jeannie T Lee

National Institutes of Health (R37-GM58839)

  • Jeannie T Lee

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Reviewing Editor

  1. Jessica K Tyler, Weill Cornell Medicine, United States

Publication history

  1. Received: September 25, 2018
  2. Accepted: January 23, 2019
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: January 24, 2019 (version 1)
  4. Accepted Manuscript updated: January 28, 2019 (version 2)
  5. Version of Record published: February 4, 2019 (version 3)
  6. Version of Record updated: February 5, 2019 (version 4)

Copyright

© 2019, del Rosario et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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