Associations between sounds and actions in early auditory cortex of nonhuman primates

  1. Ying Huang  Is a corresponding author
  2. Peter Heil
  3. Michael Brosch
  1. Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Germany

Abstract

An individual may need to take different actions to the same stimulus in different situations to achieve a given goal. The selection of the appropriate action hinges on the previously learned associations between stimuli, actions, and outcomes in the situations. Here, using a go/no-go paradigm and a symmetrical reward, we show that early auditory cortex of nonhuman primates represents such associations, in both the spiking activity and the local field potentials. Sound-evoked neuronal responses changed with sensorimotor associations shortly after sound onset, and the neuronal responses were largest when the sound signaled that a no-go response was required in a trial to obtain a reward. Our findings suggest that the association process takes place in the auditory system and does not necessarily rely on association cortex. Thus, auditory cortex may contribute to a rapid selection of the appropriate motor responses to sounds during goal-directed behavior.

Data availability

All data generated or analysed during this study are included in the manuscript and supporting files.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Ying Huang

    Special Lab Primate Neurobiology, Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Magdeburg, Germany
    For correspondence
    Ying.Huang@lin-magdeburg.de
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-6471-8009
  2. Peter Heil

    Department Systems Physiology of Learning, Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Magdeburg, Germany
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0001-7861-5927
  3. Michael Brosch

    Special Lab Primate Neurobiology, Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Magdeburg, Germany
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.

Funding

European Regional Development Fund (CBBS neuronetwork)

  • Ying Huang

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (He 1721/10-1)

  • Michael Brosch

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (He 1721/10-1)

  • Peter Heil

LIN Special Project (LIN special project)

  • Michael Brosch

LIN Special Project (LIN special project)

  • Peter Heil

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (He 1721/10-2)

  • Michael Brosch

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (He 1721/10-2)

  • Peter Heil

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.

Ethics

Animal experimentation: The experiments in this study were approved by the authority for animal care and ethics of the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt (No. 28-42502-2-1129IfN), and conformed to the rules for animal experimentation of the European Community Council Directive (86/609/EEC).

Reviewing Editor

  1. Bruno B Averbeck, NIH/NIMH, United States

Publication history

  1. Received: October 31, 2018
  2. Accepted: April 3, 2019
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: April 4, 2019 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: April 16, 2019 (version 2)

Copyright

© 2019, Huang et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.

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  1. Ying Huang
  2. Peter Heil
  3. Michael Brosch
(2019)
Associations between sounds and actions in early auditory cortex of nonhuman primates
eLife 8:e43281.
https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.43281

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