1. Neuroscience
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Novel long-range inhibitory nNOS-expressing hippocampal cells

  1. Zoé Christenson Wick  Is a corresponding author
  2. Madison R Tetzlaff
  3. Esther Krook-Magnuson  Is a corresponding author
  1. University of Minnesota, United States
Research Article
  • Cited 11
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Cite this article as: eLife 2019;8:e46816 doi: 10.7554/eLife.46816


The hippocampus, a brain region important for spatial navigation and episodic memory, benefits from a rich diversity of neuronal cell-types. Through the use of an intersectional genetic viral vector approach in mice, we report novel hippocampal neurons which we refer to as LINCs, as they are long-range inhibitory neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-expressing cells. LINCs project to several extrahippocampal regions including the tenia tecta, diagonal band, and retromammillary nucleus, but also broadly target local CA1 cells. LINCs are thus both interneurons and projection neurons. LINCs display regular spiking non-pyramidal firing patterns, are primarily located in the stratum oriens or pyramidale, have sparsely spiny dendrites, and do not typically express somatostatin, VIP, or the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2. We further demonstrate that LINCs can strongly influence hippocampal function and oscillations, including interregional coherence. Identification and characterization of these novel cells advances our basic understanding of both hippocampal circuitry and neuronal diversity.

Data availability

All data used for analysis in this publication are included in the manuscript and supporting files. Source data has been included for Table 1. Custom MatLab code is available through GitHub, Inc. at https://github.com/KM-Lab/SpectrumAndCoherence.

Article and author information

Author details

  1. Zoé Christenson Wick

    Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States
    For correspondence
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
    ORCID icon "This ORCID iD identifies the author of this article:" 0000-0002-2752-0140
  2. Madison R Tetzlaff

    Neuroscience Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.
  3. Esther Krook-Magnuson

    Neuroscience Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, United States
    For correspondence
    Competing interests
    The authors declare that no competing interests exist.


National Institutes of Health (R01-NS104071)

  • Esther Krook-Magnuson

National Institutes of Health (F31-NS105457)

  • Zoé Christenson Wick

University of Minnesota (MnDRIVE (Minnesota's Discovery Research and Innovation Economy) initiative)

  • Zoé Christenson Wick
  • Esther Krook-Magnuson

University of Minnesota (McKnight Land-Grant Professorship)

  • Esther Krook-Magnuson

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.


Animal experimentation: All experimental protocols were performed in strict accordance with and approved by the University of Minnesota's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (protocol # 1801-35497A).

Reviewing Editor

  1. Helen Scharfman, New York University Langone Medical Center, United States

Publication history

  1. Received: March 13, 2019
  2. Accepted: October 11, 2019
  3. Accepted Manuscript published: October 14, 2019 (version 1)
  4. Version of Record published: November 8, 2019 (version 2)


© 2019, Christenson Wick et al.

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.


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