The inferior colliculus (IC) is the major midbrain auditory integration center, where virtually all ascending auditory inputs converge. Although the IC has been extensively studied for sound processing, little is known about the neural activity of the IC in moving subjects, as frequently happens in natural hearing conditions. Here, by recording neural activity in walking mice, we show that the activity of IC neurons is strongly modulated by locomotion, even in the absence of sound stimuli. Similar modulation was also found in hearing-impaired mice, demonstrating that IC neurons receive non-auditory, locomotion-related neural signals. Sound-evoked activity was attenuated during locomotion, and this attenuation increased frequency selectivity across the neuronal population, while maintaining preferred frequencies. Our results suggest that during behavior, integrating movement-related and auditory information is an essential aspect of sound processing in the IC.
All data generated or analysed during this study are included in the manuscript and supporting files. Source data files have been provided for Figures 1 through 4.
- Gunsoo Kim
- Joonyeol Lee
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: This study was performed in strict accordance with the recommendations in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health. All of the animals were handled according to the protocol (SKKUIACUC2018-02-09-1) approved by the institutional animal care and use committee (IACUC) of the Sungkyunkwan University. Surgeries were performed under isofluorane or ketamine/xylazine anesthesia, and every effort was made to minimize suffering.
- Brice Bathellier, CNRS, France
© 2020, Yang et al.
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