(A to D) Average high-gamma responses (± SE) to voiced (0–20 ms VOTs; red) and voiceless (30–50 ms VOTs; blue) stimuli in four representative VOT-sensitive STG electrodes, including two voiceless-selective (A: e1, C: e3) and two voiced-selective (B: e2, D: e4) electrodes, aligned to stimulus onset. Vertical bars indicate relative scaling of high-gamma (z-scored) in each panel. The two leftmost electrodes (e1, e2) correspond to e1 and e2 in main text (e.g., Figure 1E). (E to H) Average local field potentials (± SE) evoked by voiced/voiceless stimuli in the same four electrodes, aligned to stimulus onset. Vertical bars (negative-upgoing) indicate relative scaling of voltage in each panel. The three peaks of the AEP that were identified for analysis are labeled for each electrode (Pα, Nα, Pβ; see Figure 1—figure supplement 3). For a given electrode, peaks were omitted from this analysis if they could not be reliably identified across bootstrapped samples of trials from all six VOT conditions (e.g., Pβ for e4). See Materials and methods for details. (I to L) Average local field potentials evoked by each VOT stimulus (line color) in the same four electrodes, aligned to stimulus onset. (M to P) Mean latency (± bootstrap SE) of each AEP peak for each VOT stimulus for the same four electrodes. Mean bootstrapped correlation (Pearson’s r) between VOT and peak latency shown for each peak/electrode. (Q to T) Mean amplitude (± bootstrap SE) of each AEP peak for each VOT stimulus for the same four electrodes. Mean bootstrapped correlation (Pearson’s r) between VOT and peak amplitude shown for each peak/electrode. Note that negative correlations are visually represented as rising from left to right. Correlation coefficients comprised the source data for summary representations in Figure 1—figure supplement 3.