Brown adipose tissue is a metabolically beneficial organ capable of dissipating chemical energy into heat, thereby increasing energy expenditure. Here, we identify Dot1l, the only known H3K79 methyltransferase, as an interacting partner of Zc3h10 that transcriptionally activates the Ucp1 promoter and other BAT genes. Through a direct interaction, Dot1l is recruited by Zc3h10 to the promoter regions of thermogenic genes to function as a coactivator by methylating H3K79. We also show that Dot1l is induced during brown fat cell differentiation and by cold exposure and that Dot1l and its H3K79 methyltransferase activity is required for thermogenic gene program. Furthermore, we demonstrate that Dot1l ablation in mice using Ucp1-Cre prevents activation of Ucp1 and other target genes to reduce thermogenic capacity and energy expenditure, promoting adiposity. Hence, Dot1l plays a critical role in the thermogenic program and may present as a future target for obesity therapeutics.
We have deposited ATAC-seq and RNA-seq files in the NCBI database (GSE159645)
Genome-wide maps of chromatin state(ATAC-seq) and gene expression(RNA-seq) of cold exposed Dot1l-ablated mouse brown adipose tissueNCBI Gene Expression Omnibus, GSE159645.
- Hei Sook Sul
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
- Peter Tontonoz, University of California, Los Angeles, United States
© 2020, Yi et al.
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