(A) Isocortical surface models and hippocampal subfield outlines projected on a the 40 µm resolution coronal slice of BigBrain. (B-C) We initialised the continuous cortical surface model with inner hippocampal vertices (minimum value on inner-outer axis) and mesiotemporal pial vertices (entorhinal, parahippocampal or fusiform cortex), as well as the triangles that defined their connections in the existing surface meshes. Within this model, we then identified hippocampal bridgehead vertices (medial aspect of the subiculum) and matched each to the closest isocortical vertex that had a lower z-coordinate. We only selected inferior vertices to discount the section of the isocortical model that skips over the hippocampus. Then, we created new triangles in the surface mesh that included a hippocampal bridgehead, the matched isocortical vertex and a neighbouring bridgehead on either side, thus creating a bridge between the two surface constructions. Finally, we calculated the geodesic distance along the continuous surface mesh from each vertex to the nearest hippocampal bridgehead. (D) Iso-to-allocortical axis represents the geodesic distance to the hippocampal bridgehead. Orientations are provided below where S = superior, I = inferior, L = lateral, M = medial, A = anterior, p=posterior.