(A) Projected slices, with a thickness of approximately 4.7 Å, orthogonal to the helical axis are shown for different assembly conditions and filament types (as defined in Table 1), which are indicated in the bottom left. The percentages of types are shown in the top right of each panel. ( B) Cryo-EM density map (grey transparent) of filament type 8a and the corresponding atomic model with the same colour scheme as in Figure 1. (C–E) Backbone ribbon views of protofilament and filament folds. (C) In vitro NaCl filament type 8a (grey) overlaid with CTE type II (orange). (D) Extended and C-shaped protofilaments aligned at residues 338–354 for LiCl, filament types 9a and 9b (left) and NaCl, filament types 8a and 8b (right). (E) Filament types 8b (NaCl), 9a (LiCl), 10a (KCl), and 4a (MgCl2) aligned at residues 356–364. (F) Atomic view of residues 334–358. The distance between the Cα of L344 and I354 is indicated. Filament types 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, and 10a are shown in light purple, dark purple, dark orange, light orange, and blue, respectively.