Postsynaptic burst reactivation of hippocampal neurons enables associative plasticity of temporally discontiguous inputs
A fundamental unresolved problem in neuroscience is how the brain associates in memory events that are separated in time. Here we propose that reactivation-induced synaptic plasticity can solve this problem. Previously, we reported that the reinforcement signal dopamine converts hippocampal spike timing-dependent depression into potentiation during continued synaptic activity (Brzosko et al., 2015). Here, we report that postsynaptic bursts in the presence of dopamine produce input-specific LTP in mouse hippocampal synapses 10 minutes after they were primed with coincident pre- and postsynaptic activity (post-before-pre pairing; Δt = -20 ms). This priming activity induces synaptic depression and sets an NMDA receptor-dependent silent eligibility trace which, through the cAMP-PKA cascade, is rapidly converted into protein synthesis-dependent synaptic potentiation, mediated by a signaling pathway distinct from that of conventional LTP. This synaptic learning rule was incorporated into a computational model, and we found that it adds specificity to reinforcement learning by controlling memory allocation and enabling both ‘instructive’ and 'supervised' reinforcement learning. We predicted that this mechanism would make reactivated neurons activate more strongly and carry more spatial information than non-reactivated cells, which was confirmed in freely moving mice performing a reward-based navigation task.
Data availabilityExperimental data and code are available at:Code for computational model and code for in vivo analysis (including a link to in vivo data) are available at: https://github.com/przemyslawj/dCA1-reactivations. Data of plasticity experiments and of simulation data from computational model are available at: https://data.mendeley.com/datasets/dx7cdgpcz3/1.
Article and author information
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/N019008/1)
- Tanja Fuchsberger
- Zuzanna Brzosko
- Ole Paulsen
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BB/P019560/1)
- Tanja Fuchsberger
- Claudia Clopath
- Ole Paulsen
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (Studentship)
- Przemyslaw Jarzebowski
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and interpretation, or the decision to submit the work for publication.
Animal experimentation: Experimental procedures and animal use were performed in accordance with UK Home Office regulations of the UK Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 and Amendment Regulations 2012, following ethical review by the University of Cambridge Animal Welfare and Ethical Review Body (AWERB). All animal procedures were authorized under Personal and Project licences held by the authors.
- Marco Capogna, University of Aarhus, Denmark
- Received: June 23, 2022
- Preprint posted: June 26, 2022 (view preprint)
- Accepted: October 9, 2022
- Accepted Manuscript published: October 13, 2022 (version 1)
- Version of Record published: October 27, 2022 (version 2)
© 2022, Fuchsberger et al.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License permitting unrestricted use and redistribution provided that the original author and source are credited.
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