Short Reports

A Short Report allows authors to publish the results of a small number of experiments, provided the conclusion is clear and justified, and the findings are novel and judged to be of high importance.

Latest articles

    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent loss of HMGCS2 shows that ketogenesis is not essential for the evolution of large mammalian brains

    David Jebb, Michael Hiller
    The evolutionary loss of the main enzyme required for ketone body biosynthesis suggests that alternative strategies to provide energy for large brains during fasting evolved repeatedly in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Redox-dependent rearrangements of the NiFeS cluster of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase

    Elizabeth C Wittenborn et al.
    Structural analysis reveals large-scale conformational changes in the active site metallocluster of a CO2-fixing enzyme.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    YAP drives cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma formation and progression

    Zoé Vincent-Mistiaen et al.
    High levels of nuclear YAP are sufficient to drive squamous cell carincoma formation and frequently also drive progression to spindle cell carcinoma by promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition after tissue damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extinction recall of fear memories formed before stress is not affected despite higher theta activity in the amygdala

    Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman et al.
    When the fear-enhancing effects of prior exposure to stress are absent, the expression of fear reflects normal neural activity in the medial prefrontal cortex, not stress-induced hyperactivity in the amygdala.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Non-invasive imaging of CSF-mediated brain clearance pathways via assessment of perivascular fluid movement with diffusion tensor MRI

    Ian F Harrison et al.
    The first non-invasive technique to assess the action of brain clearance mechanisms, driven by the perivascular inflow of cerebrospinal fluid, has been developed using magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Branching morphogenesis in the developing kidney is not impacted by nephron formation or integration

    Kieran M Short et al.
    Analysing developing mouse kidneys demonstrates nephron formation does not significantly impact branching morphogenesis of the ureteric bud, suggesting this process is distinct from branching in organs like the mammary gland.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Age-dependent dormant resident progenitors are stimulated by injury to regenerate Purkinje neurons

    N Sumru Bayin et al.
    Injury at birth induces immature neurons to divide and regenerate cerebellar Purkinje cells in a time-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of spinal cord stimulation on postural control in Parkinson's disease patients with freezing of gait

    Andrea Cristina de Lima-Pardini et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the upper thoracic spinal cord corrects anticipatory postural adjustments and improving gait efficiency and inhibiting freezing of gait episodes in advanced Parkinson's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    State-dependent cell-type-specific membrane potential dynamics and unitary synaptic inputs in awake mice

    Aurélie Pala, Carl CH Petersen
    Membrane potential recordings in awake mice from two genetically defined classes of neocortical inhibitory neurons reveal their distinct patterns of activity and unitary excitatory synaptic inputs, which are differentially modulated by behavior and local network activity.