Research Advances

A Research Advance is a short article that allows the authors of an eLife paper to publish new results that build on their original research paper in an important way.

Latest articles

    1. Neuroscience

    Conserved neural circuit structure across Drosophila larval development revealed by comparative connectomics

    Stephan Gerhard et al.
    The connectivity structure of a nociceptive circuit is precisely maintained over Drosophila larval development through cell type-specific increases in synaptic contacts as measured from electron microscopy reconstructions, while individual neurons grow five-fold in size and number of synapses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels induce the firing pause periods during the activation of Drosophila nociceptive neurons

    Koun Onodera et al.
    Drosophila nociceptive neurons convert high-intensity stimuli into characteristic fluctuations of firing rates, quiescent periods of which are regulated by hyperpolarization through small conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes release prostaglandin E2 to modify respiratory network activity

    David Forsberg et al.
    Astrocytes modulate neuronal networks during hypercapnia, introducing a novel gliotransmitter pathway where prostaglandin E2 regulates breathing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Causal evidence for lateral prefrontal cortex dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Non-invasive brain stimulation tests and refines a model of lateral prefrontal cortex neural dynamics supporting cognitive control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Signal integration at spherical bushy cells enhances representation of temporal structure but limits its range

    Christian Keine et al.
    Inhibition reduces the neuronal representation of acoustic signals to enhance temporal precision in the auditory brainstem.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preconditioned cues have no value

    Melissa J Sharpe et al.
    Preconditioned cues provide information about an associative model but do not, by default, trigger representations of value, either model-based or model-free.
    1. Neuroscience

    Simultaneous activation of parallel sensory pathways promotes a grooming sequence in Drosophila

    Stefanie Hampel et al.
    A grooming sequence is produced by a neural architecture that readies different movements simultaneously, and a mechanism where prioritized suppression between the movements determines their sequential performance.