Same as Figure 4c, e and f, but only using tuning curves with an integer number of peaks, that is, being all integers. Thus, there is no common scale factor relating the spatial frequencies of the modules within a population. The populations here have , , , , , , , or . Note that for the single-peaked population, . (a) Shows the RMSE (solid lines) and the outliers, 99.8th (filled circles) and 100th (open circles) percentiles, for a stimulus. (b) Same as (a) but for a stimulus. (c) Same as Figure 4c but for the integer peaked populations listed above (blue: , green: ).