Table 1. | Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

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Homo naledi, a new species of the genus Homo from the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa

Table 1.

Affiliation details

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa; University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States; Texas A&M University, United States; Duke University, United States; University of Zurich, Switzerland; University of Arkansas, United States; University of Kent, United Kingdom; Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany; Mercyhurst University, United States; New York University, United States; New York Consortium in Evolutionary Primatology, United States; Dartmouth College, United States; University of Colorado Denver, United States; Loughborough University, United Kingdom; Tulane University, United States; Lehman College, United States; American Museum of Natural History, United States; University of Cape Town, South Africa; Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Spain; Modesto Junior College, United States; Louisiana State University, United States; Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan; University of Missouri, United States; University of Kentucky College of Medicine, United States; Simon Fraser University, Canada; Université de Montréal, Canada; Australian National University, Australia; Biology Department, Universidad Autònoma de Madrid, Spain; Midwestern University, United States; Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom; University of Pisa, Italy; Chaffey College, United States; University of Johannesburg, South Africa; George Washington University, United States; University of Colorado School of Medicine, United States; Croatian Natural History Museum, Croatia; University of Iowa, United States; Lincoln Memorial University, United States; Smithsonian Institution, United States; Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, China
Table 1.

Cranial and mandibular measurements for H. naledi, early hominins, and modern humans


Measurement definitions as in Wood (1991)P. aethiopicusP. boiseiP. robustusAu. afarensisAu. africanusAu. sedibaH. nalediH. habilisH. rudolfensisH. erectusMP HomoH. sapiens
 Cranial capacity41048549345746742051361077686512661330
 Porion height6727486706781779094101112
 Posterior cranial length35847546044656070799981
 Bi-parietal breadth994989099100103107118129142132
 Bi-temporal breadth10110109108115104101107112126131146127
 Closest approach of temporal linescrest*crest*crest*crest*21565235517210196
 Supraorbital height index465350516056566459566271
 Minimum post-orbital breadth626670776770687578899697
 Superior facial breadth4910010710995868697113110124107
 Post-orbital constriction index6261646981797274818091
 EAM area (as an ellipse)778010370963876958561
 Root of zygomatic process originP4P4P3 to M1P4 to M1P4 to M1P4P3 to P4P4 to M1P4 to M1P4 to M1M1M1
 Petromedian angle13750455031335548525546
Maxilloalveolar process
 Maxilloalveolar length87947869677163576568666955
 Maxilloalveolar breadth88837669686663716872707262
 Palate breadth91324035303629443840385640
 Palate depth at incisive fossa31110109105101311109
 Palate depth at M110371811111310101216151813
 Symphysis height141374942393732333137353434
 Symphysis width142262825202118182024181714
 Symphysis area at M1 (as an ellipse)1467571114835623606452467393723519474365
 Corpus height at M1150384236343230262936313128
 Corpus breadth at M1151252926202118162022191913
 Corpus area at M1 (as an ellipse)152742955736540539405326425631458469296
 Mental foramen height index§515054585350404649484850
  • At least in presumed males.

  • Post-orbital breadth/superior facial breadth × 100.

  • Following the formula (π × (corpus height/2) × (corpus breadth/2)).

  • Height of mental foramen from alveolar border relative to corpus height at the mental foramen.

  • MP, Middle Pleistocene.

  • Unless otherwise indicated measurements are defined as in Wood (1991). Chord distances are in mm. Data for H. naledi collected from original fossils or laser scans by DJdeR and HMG; comparative data collected by DJdeR on original fossils and casts and supplemented by data from Wood (1991).