Single cycle kinetics analysis was simultaneously performed on immobilized His fusion VHH antibodies (250–300 RU), with five injections of analytes (EGFP, HER2, RHOAQ63L and mCherry) at 3.125 nM, 6.25 nM, 12.5 nM, 25 nM, and 50 nM. Analytes injections lasted for 120 s each and were separated by 10 s dissociation phases. At this time of buffer exchange, a slight refraction index discrepancy between the sample and the flow buffer can induce a drop in resonance unit. This common bulk effect, which is clearly visible on sensorgrams with a smaller scale range on the RU axis (ie: R3SE4, R2TB5), does not affect the measurement of off-rate constant. Off-rate constant was calculated from an extended dissociation period of 10 min following the last injection according to the single cycle kinetics method. Each sensorgram (expressed in RUs as a function of time in seconds) represents a differential response where the response on an empty reference channel (Fc1) was subtracted. The red curves correspond to the data and the black curves represent the fit done by the BIAevaluation software. Note that the fitted curve is almost identical to the data curve in some cases like for example the RHOA Q63L or the HER2 binding measurement.