(A, B) HEK293T cells were transfected with Citrine-MPDZ together with HA-tagged DLL1, HA-tagged DLL1ΔPDZ (lacking the PDZ-binding site), Flag-tagged DLL4 or Flag-tagged DLL4ΔPDZ. Antibodies against Citrine were used to immunoprecipitate Citrine-MPDZ. HA and FLAG-tagged proteins as well as MPDZ were detected by immunoblot (IB). Scheme shows structures of the constructs used for co-immunoprecipitation. Input, 10% of the immunoprecipitate. Cit-MPDZ, Citrine-MPDZ; IP, immunoprecipitation; neg.ctrl., negative control. (C, D) MPDZ was co-expressed with either DLL1 or DLL4 in primary endothelial cells (HUVEC). DLL1 and DLL4 were pulled down by using specific antibodies. DLL1, DLL4 and MPDZ were detected by immunoblot (IB). Input, 5% of the immunoprecipitate. IP, immunoprecipitation; neg.ctrl., negative control. (E) HUVEC were either transduced with adenovirus expressing GFP (ctrl) or MPDZ (MPDZ). Expression level of Notch target genes HEY1, HEY2 and HES1 were analyzed by qPCR 48 hr after transduction. Data are presented as mean ±SD. n = 4; *, p<0.05; **, p<0.01 unpaired Student’s t-test. (F) Scheme of the co-culture Notch reporter assay. IMCD3 cells expressing the Notch ligand DLL4 were co-cultured with CHO-N1-CIT cells carrying a Notch luciferase reporter construct. The IMCD3 sender cells were modified by expression of MPDZ or an empty vector control. After 48 hours, cells were lysed and the light emission of the luciferin and the Renilla luciferase activities were measured. Signaling activity is calculated by normalizing the luciferase signal with the Renilla signal. Data are presented as mean ± SEM. n = 5; *, p<0.05 unpaired Student’s t-test.